- Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony
- Coffee Ceremony
Ethiopian Coffee Regions
BBC - Cafe Africa Pictures
- Coffee & Ethiopian Economy
- Ethiopia's #1 Export
Coffee providers, growers & exporters
Black Gold - The Movie
Oromia Coffee Farmers Cooperative Union
- Starbucks & Ethiopia
Addis Ababa's Starbucks Imitation - NY Times
History of Coffee
- Ethiopian coffee ceremony is one of the most enjoyable event you can attend at an Ethiopian Restaurant. The coffee is taken through its full life cycle of preparation in front of you in a ceremonial manner. Coffee is called 'Bunna' (boo-na) by the Ethiopians.
The ceremony starts with the woman, first bringing out the washed coffee beans and roasting them
in a coffee roasting pan
on small open fire/coal furnace.
The pan is similar to an old fashioned popcorn roasting pan and it has a very long handle to keep the hand away from the heat.
At this time most of your senses are being involved in the ceremony, the woman will be shaking the roasting pan back and forth so the beans won't burn (this sounds like shaking coins in a tin can), the coffee beans start to pop (sounds like popcorn) and the most memorable is the preparer takes the roasted coffee and walks it around the room so the smell of freshly roasted coffee fills the air ...
The roasted coffee is then put in a small household tool called 'Mukecha' (moo-ke-ch-a) for the grinding. Most restaurants at this time incorporate modern coffee grinders into the process, this is to save time and it does not take much from the ceremony. For those interested mukecha is a heavy wooden bowl where the coffee beans are put and another tool called 'zenezena' which is a wooden/metal stick used to crush the beans in a rhythmic up & down manner (pistil and mortar).
The crushed fresh roasted coffee powder then is put in a traditional pot made out of clay called 'jebena' (J-be-na) with water and boiled in the small open fire/coal furnace. Again the boiling coffee aroma fills the room, once boiled the coffee is served in small cups called 'cini' (si-ni) which are very small chinese cups.
As you sip your first cup of coffee, you've gone through the full process of watching seeing the coffee beans being washed, roasted, grinded, boiled & now the culmination you're drinking them. By now the process is finished at most restaurants, but traditionally Ethiopians stick around to get at least a second serving of coffee and sometimes a third.
The second and third serving are important enough that each serving has a name, first serving is called "Abol"; second serving is "Huletegna"(second) and third serving is "Bereka". The coffee is not grinded for the second and third serving, a portion of coffee powder is left on purpose for these two ceremonies.
Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony:
- Ethiopia birthplace of Coffee
- Named after Kaffa region
- Coffee called "Buna" in Ethiopia
- Roasted, grinded & served in front of you
Jebena - coffee clay pot
Cini (si-ni) - small coffee cups
Coffee roasting pan
small roasting furnace